Cyber Security has become a top priority among organizations due to the amount of confidential data and financial records they have flowing into their systems regularly. The regular need for technology to carry out almost every single task has resulted in the proliferation of cybercrimes. Here, we will come across the Cyber Security tools list consisting of numerous tools, which are paid, free, or open-source, that allow a cyber security analyst to maintain the company’s data privacy and prevent all sorts of compromised data, financial loss, etc.
Types of Cyber Security Tools
Cyber Security tools can largely be divided into a number of categories. The categories in which these tools can be classified are listed below:
- Penetration testing
- Packet sniffers
- Scanning web vulnerability
- Network defenses
- Network security monitoring
- Detecting network intrusions
Now, it is time to read in detail about some of the most popular tools in the field of Cyber Security. Let’s begin.
Kali Linux is among the most common tools used in Cyber Security. This operating system consists of a range of tools that are useful in security auditing, network and system scanning for vulnerabilities, etc.
One of the main advantages of this platform is that Cyber Security experts with different levels of understanding can use it, making it an ideal choice even for entry-level professionals. Besides, a lot of the tools offered by Kali Linux are easily executable, allowing users to monitor the company’s network security systems using a single click.
Cain and Abel
Cain and Abel are one the oldest and best Cyber Security tools that help in identifying the weaknesses in Windows and password recovery. It allows Cyber Security experts to find vulnerabilities in the password security of various systems that run on Windows.
Among its numerous functionalities, the significant ones include its ability to keep a record of VoIP communications and analyze routing protocols to figure out if the routed data packets can get compromised. This free tool for Cyber Security can disclose password boxes and cached passwords, etc., while also being capable of using force attacks that help in cracking encrypted passwords. Further, it helps in decoding passwords that are scrambled.
Metasploit has an excellent collection of tools that are perfect for penetration testing. Professionals often use it to meet a range of security objectives, such as discovering vulnerabilities of systems and networks, designing strategies to improve the company’s Cyber Security defenses, and more.
Metasploit enables experts to test system security of online and web-based applications, servers, networks, etc. One of the advantages of this software is that it can uncover even emerging weaknesses and provide top-notch security round the clock.
John the Ripper
Security experts use John the Ripper to test the strength of passwords. Its design helps in exposing weak passwords that pose security threats to a particular system. In the beginning, it was only designed for the UNIX platform, but the new versions allow it to work on other operating systems as well, such as DOS, Windows, OpenVMS systems, etc.
John the Ripper searches for complex ciphers, encrypted login credentials, and hash-like passwords to find any weak password. This tool is developed and updated regularly to make sure that it offers accurate results during penetration testing. It is among the most ideal choices of Cyber Security experts to enhance password security.
Wireshark was earlier called Ethereal. It is among the best tools for Cyber Security, based on the console. It is a packet sniffer tool that allows professionals to analyze network protocols and sniff real-time networks in search of any vulnerabilities that can be exploited. Moreover, it collects necessary information related to the levels of network traffic.
Cyber Security professionals use this tool to store data packets and to identify the behavior and characteristics that each packet exhibits. This knowledge helps in identifying the weakness of network security. It basically keeps an eye on the network packets and presents them in a readable format. It is one of the best Cyber Security open-source tools available.
is an open-source software tool used in Cyber Security to determine vulnerabilities in the web and take necessary actions. Professionals use this tool to scan for identifying and managing web vulnerabilities. Nikto’s database consists of approximately 6,400 distinct types of security threats. The database offers the threat data that can be used to compare with the web vulnerability scan result. This scan covers both web servers and networks.
This tool is updated continuously, allowing users to recognize new web vulnerabilities easily. Besides, various plugins are created regularly to make them compatible with different systems.
Tcpdump is a useful packet sniffing tool for networks. It helps in monitoring and logging TCP/IP traffic that is shared over a network. This command-based software tool analyzes the traffic of the systems, along with the network that the traffic goes through.
Besides, this tool tests the network security by segregating TCP/IP data traffic received via the Internet. Tcpdump also defines the contents of the network traffic packets.
KisMAC is specifically created for providing wireless network security in MAC operating systems. This network-defined tool has numerous high-end features that are geared to be used by experts in the field, so it may not be the best choice of tool for freshers and entry-level security professionals.
KisMAC scans wireless networks that are supported on Wi-Fi cards, like Airport. It uses brute force attacks, weak scheduling, exploiting flaws, and many similar techniques to get into the security of WEP and WPA keys. If experts are able to crack them, it suggests that the keys are not secure enough, making the network vulnerable to possible cyberattacks.
NetStumbler is a popular Cyber Security tool created for systems that run on the Windows operating system. It enables IT and Cyber Security experts to recognize open network ports and is extremely useful for the purpose of wardriving. Since it is specifically designed to run on Windows, it has no allocation for source codes.
While looking for open-source network ports, it uses WAP-seeking methods unlike other tools in Cyber Security, which has made it popular among organizations for network defense.
Splunk is a system security tool known due to its versatility and speed. It is one of the best tools to monitor network security. Splunk is used to conduct real-time network analysis and perform historical searches to look for threat data. This user-friendly tool is equipped with a unified user interface, along with numerous functionalities and techniques that help in the process of searching for required information.
It is an all-rounded system security tool that is also used to gather, store, and index data in repositories to generate real-time alerts, reports, visualizations, graphs, and dashboards.